Our Work





Outline India conducted a feminist perspective analysis on the dominant discourse of women’s safety being linked to Open Defecation (OD) in sanitation programming.

OI published an article describing how women are targeted in the current policy and programmatic environment around OD, critically engage with existing evaluations of programs on OD, and explored how a feminist evaluation approach can be utilized for informing better programming and evaluations. The paper critically assessed the policy and programmatic environment around Open Defecation Elimination (ODE), particularly with regard to women, while indicating limits of predominant evaluations and measurement strategies. It also focused on evaluations of ODE programming, qualitative studies, and OI’s field experience in the space of water and sanitation.