There are approximately 4.3 million children in the age group of 5-14 years in India who constitute an unorganized and unaccounted-for labour force that is often subjected to exploitative conditions. IMPAQ International is conducting randomized control trial impact evaluation to examine the effects of interventions aimed at combating child labour. Outline India is supporting IMPAQ International as a data collection partner in its India chapter. Funded by the US Department of Labor’s International Labor Affairs Bureau, the study is being conducted across Malawi, Costa Rica, Ecuador, and Rwanda and will run over a three year time period. The goal of the study in India is to evaluate interventions that will effectively secure and protect rights of children and reduce their vulnerability with a special emphasis on children who have been forced to take up paid and unpaid work in various sectors. The first phase of the study includes the use of mixed methods to grasp the attitudes of families towards education and child labour. It also aims to understand the attitudes, capabilities and opinions of women, to approach child labour in a holistic manner. The study includes interviewing 4500 households across the target villages and conducting 500 interviews with mothers of children of the targeted age group. It has a qualitative leg, which includes conducting focus group interviews with the various stake holders including children themselves. The study has been designed as a longitudinal research to evaluate and develop insights into changes or outcomes that might be directly attributed to, the Bal Mitra Gram programme in Jharkhand, India, a part of the larger intervention of Bachpan Bachao Andolan.